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What did humour in sermons ever do for us?

clownAs part of its publicity, the Christian Resources Exhibition is running a ‘Sermon of the Year’ award. (The reporter, Ruth Gledhill, must be pleased, since 20 years ago she ran The Times Sermon of the Year competition, which featured yours truly!). To promote this it commissioned research on what people look for in sermons, and some of the conclusions might seem surprising. Most people don’t want jokes and entertainment, but do appear to want sermons of reasonable length which include substantial biblical engagement (men) and real-life application (women).

There are some questions to ask here about the demographic for the survey, not least in terms of theological tradition. But there is also a surprising hidden effect in asking any questions about preaching. In ten years of teaching about preaching, I used to begin the course by asking students to think about one good sermon, and describe it, and one bad sermon, and describe it. (This was a way to avoid idealisation and generalisation about what we think sermons ought to look like.) What was striking is that, without fail, the comments on the good sermon focussed on the content and comments on the bad sermon largely focussed on delivery. In other words, if sermons are delivered well (including the use of humour) then listeners do not notice and are free to focus on the content.

So perhaps it is not surprising that humour was not seen as important—but in fact the good use of humour contributes a lot to preaching, for seven important reasons—and there is probably nothing more familiar than the stand-up.

1. Encourages engagement

Making people laugh near the beginning of a sermon turns them from passive listeners to active engagers, and gives them a sense of involvement in the listening process. Laughing makes people feel better, and they are then more open to listen to what you have to say.

But there is also a cultural and theological reason for using humour. Many preachers behave as though the ‘sermon’ mode of speech is something quite distinct from everyday discourse—but that is only because sermons often borrow a form of speaking (‘formal lecture’) that was popular 100 years ago or so, and with the passage of time has become removed from most people’s everyday experience. Scripture suggests that there is no special form of ‘divine discourse’ and that, instead, God chooses to use the whole range of human speech with which to communicate.

If we speak in preaching in a way which is recognisably familiar to our listeners, we lower the barriers and allow easier engagement.

2. Establishes rapport

I often began the exploration of the use of rhetoric in preaching by showing the first five minutes of Bill Bailey’s ‘Half Troll’ comedy tour. He spends the entire opening set doing little more than establishing rapport with his audience, at times simply by pointing, nodding, waving and pointing! This was then reinforced by his use of stock language and stereotypes, demonstrating that he inhabited the same world as his audience, that he was ‘one of them.’

There is a real danger that congregations see preachers and preaching as set apart from their everyday life, and that the truths that are expounded are contained within the pulpit or the church building on a Sunday, rather than having connections with their lives from Monday to Saturday. The more that preachers can identify with their congregation in preaching, the more these truths can cross the bridge into everyday experience—and humour can help establish such a bridge.

(What did the sense of familiarity in the title to this post do for you?)

3. Develops rhetorical skills

Some people seem more naturally able to tell jokes; other struggle. Telling jokes well is in fact quite demanding of a range of rhetorical skills. It demands the use of memory—you need to make several short, pithy sayings and they need to be word perfect from memory for the joke to flow. You need to use pace and timing. And you need to handle the surprise or sudden change of direction which is the essence of the joke itself.

These are skills which also enhance preaching. Memorising at least some (the key points?) of your material so that you can engage directly with your congregation, mastering changes of pace and timing, and making key moves in direction are all elements of effective preaching.

4. Models engagement of interest

I usually listen to the Sunday Service on Radio 4 before heading off to church myself. And one of my constant puzzles in life is why the sermons in it are so dull and lacking in interest! A few weeks ago, the speaker shared a genuinely tragic and moving personal story—but management to make it sound uninteresting!

The reason is that (whether because of the speakers or whether there is some diktat from the BBC) these sermons usually have no ‘narrative tension’—no sense of the surprising or the unexpected. A dull story is predictable; you know what is going to happen, or perhaps the narrator tells you the ending at the beginning, or immediately reveals the most important element so eliminating any sense of suspense or anticipation.

Jokes often function as stories in miniature, full of suspense when you do not know what the punch line is (which is why they fall flat when the punch line is given away) or surprise at the unexpected ending. In that sense, they model something vital in effective preaching. Instead of ‘telling you what I am going to tell you’ we should be posing questions, offering puzzles and paradoxes, and only slowing unveiling the surprising way that God’s grace unravels the knots of our lives.

5. Establishes common experience

Kate Bottley compares vicars telling bad jokes to dad dancing—no-one enjoys it!

If you asked most preachers, I think perhaps we think we are funnier than we are. I think ….this is about authenticity: I suspect there are some vicars trying to be funny who aren’t.

But listening to bad jokes—or rather, ones that have a low threshold for understanding, has an important social function. Talk to anyone from a non-UK culture, and they will be baffled at the Christmas tradition of telling bad cracker jokes. But the fact they are bad means that everyone can understand them and so they enable a bonding, shared experience amongst the Christmas dinner guests. If the joke was too clever and sophisticated, it would divide the listeners into those who got it and those who didn’t—and dinner would be ruined.

Sermon jokes don’t need to be bad. But accessible humour can function as an important way to involve the whole congregation in the experience and communicate powerful that everyone is included.

6. Prevents boredom

The two main reasons why people say they stop going to church are that it is dull and it is irrelevant. Sermons do not need to be exercises in entertainment—but it is quite an achievement to make the startling good news of what God has done in Christ boring—yet many appear to manage it!

Lord Carey, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, said: “I’m a great believer in humour – there is nothing worse than a boring sermon.”

7. Gives space to breath

20 or 30 minutes of intense, life-changing theology and exposition can be hard to digest. If you don’t give listeners some room to breath, to step back and process what you are saying, they will most likely take it anyway by detaching from what you are now saying in order to process what you said two minutes ago. Humour can provide a natural breathing space, give time to reflect and provide a sense of perspective.


Of course there are dangers in the use of humour. Jokes told badly are embarrassing—but jokes told well can be a distraction, and listeners might go away remembering the joke but forgetting the point the joke was making! But humour used well can season a sermon and make it much easier to digest.

Because preachers are always on the lookout for humour, if you sign up to receive Grove emails, along with information about new and recent titles you will also receive some great jokes every month! Here’s my favourite from this week’s email:

I bought my friend an elephant for his room. He said, “Thanks.” I said, “Don’t mention it.”


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14 Responses to What did humour in sermons ever do for us?

  1. Chris Bishop May 11, 2016 at 9:49 am #

    My favourite is ‘How many Charismatics does it take to change a lightbulb?”

    Answer – Three -one to unscrew it and two to catch it as it falls.

    A related theological question: Ian: Can we tell whether Jesus had a sense of humour? Would he have told jokes or used humour in his discourses?

    • Ian Paul May 12, 2016 at 12:24 pm #

      That’s a good question, and quite hard to answer because humour is very culture-specific.

      I think there is good evidence that he did, at least on one register. Trying to put a camel through the eye of a needle is a good example!

      And his taunting of the Pharisees and scribes is another. But the sense of humour here can change very easily with just a slight change in tone of voice…

      • Roland May 22, 2016 at 8:58 am #

        Ian, perhaps if we tried to read the Gospels with Jewish eyes we may discover that Jesus not only appreciated humour but he used it on several occasions (imagine, if you will, the plank sticking out from someone’s eye, trying to point out a tiny speck in someone else’s eye, in cartoon style!).

        Too many preachers (ordained or otherwise) take themselves far too seriously, in my opinion, they come across as dry as an empty sponge.
        On the other end of the spectrum are those preachers whose style is an endless litany of (not so funny) jokes and precious little biblical content.

        Thank the Lord for those faithful preachers/teachers of the Word (ordained or otherwise) who are faithful to the text, understand it correctly, handle it properly, communicate it effectively and are not afraid to season their sermons with a sprinkle of appropriate humour.

    • Roland May 22, 2016 at 8:56 am #

      And your joke is funny because?? Don’t get it, sorry; may be it’s just me.

  2. Phill May 11, 2016 at 10:31 am #

    There was a book released a couple of years ago – ‘Does God LOL?’ – perspectives of comedians on faith. I found it quite interesting. Comedians are, in a sense, the orators of this generation – what other people would most people pay for to hear them talk for an hour or two?

    When I was doing a communication workshop a couple of years ago, one thing really struck home which is that God forms a person as a communicator – he uses the whole person, not just the persona a preacher adopts on a Sunday morning. It’s important when doing sermons to let ‘you’ shine through, your personality, perspective and gifts. A lot of people think they need to preach a certain way – and jokes are part of that. If you think every sermon needs to start with a joke, then you’ll tell one no matter how bad you are at telling jokes. Whereas if you allow your personality to come through when preaching, then you’re free to be humorous in the way you would normally be. For some that may be jokes or anecdotes, for others more spontaneous dry remarks – people will respect your voice coming through, not trying to be something you’re not.

    • Ian Paul May 12, 2016 at 12:27 pm #

      Thanks Phill…I would say ‘yes’ and ‘no’.

      Preaching is not simply about ‘being yourself.’ It is about learning how to be your public performing self. I think that it is naive and mistaken to think that our authentic voice in a more formal context should be the same voice we use in personal conversation.

      That is not about being false or reducing the thing to mere performance—it is recognising that different ways of being and speaking are needed in different contexts.

      I would agree though that there can be a forced sense of trying to be funny, in preaching as in other contexts.

      Where I was in Poole, we had a habit of starting the sermon with a joke—which then became a kind of ritual/liturgical expectation! And it worked well…

  3. Christine Quinn-Jones May 11, 2016 at 11:23 am #

    Amen to all seven points, Ian! Our rector has a very subtle sense of humour and he has a great way of appealing to our sense of the ridiculous. I like to think that God also has a sense of humour – if He does, it is just as well, given some of the daft things I do at times 🙂

  4. Colin Edwards May 11, 2016 at 7:07 pm #

    If I was teaching a class on preaching I would want the class to go to the comedy club and to have a go at open mike night. Professional comedians spend months honing their gig, and giving it a go teaches the skills of public speaking and the need for preparation. A good sermon is a craft which comedy skills can add to.

  5. John Leach May 12, 2016 at 2:28 pm #

    Two thoughts – lots of stuff about tension and resolution resonate with the research I did on Music and Emotion in worship. the worst adjective you can use of both music and preaching is ‘predictable’. Secondly, whenever I’m told that you can’t expect people to listen or concentrate to sermons for more than 5 minutes I remind them that people pay loads to go and listen to monologues from stand-up comics for two hours or more at a stretch. We’ve got a lot to learn!

    • Ian Paul May 13, 2016 at 8:28 am #

      THanks John—yes we do need to learn!

  6. Hugh Scriven May 14, 2016 at 1:14 pm #

    Do you have any wisdom about the use of humour in a multi-cultural setting? Many of your points, and many jokes, depend on a set of shared cultural references, so that what works to make one cultural group in a congregation feel at home may leave others feeling baffled and excluded; or if the background needs to be explained in order for the joke to work across the congregation, the impact of the joke is lessened.

    • Ian Paul May 16, 2016 at 11:26 am #

      Hugh, I think you are quite right about the ‘boundary drawing’ function of humour. As with all illustrations and communication, the wider the cultural diversity, the deeper you have to go, away from particular cultural experiences, into universal human experience.

      I think therefore that, if you are in a culture different from your own but which is homogenous, then you have to work hard to understand what is amusing in that context. If you are speaking to a culturally heterogeneous group, then you need to find humour which reflects on shared realities of human experience. I think Scripture often does do this. For example, every culture has people in it who begin projects they cannot afford to finish.

      • Hugh Scriven May 23, 2016 at 2:31 pm #

        Thanks Ian – much food for thought there.

      • Hugh Scriven May 23, 2016 at 2:31 pm #

        Thanks Ian – much food for thought there.

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